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LLCM Admission Prerequisites 

Prior LLM Degree Required

Applicants to the LLCM program must either have completed an LLM program at a US Law School or are currently in an LLM program at a US Law School and will have completed the program prior to the beginning of the LLCM program.

Traditionally, many of our LLCM students are Penn Law LLM alumni.  However, we also welcome applicants with an LLM degree from another US law school, especially those applicants who can demonstrate academic success in rigorous LLM program.

All LLCM applicants are advised to provide at least one letter of recommendation from their LLM program.

English Proficiency

All applicants must submit a TOEFL or IELTS or seek a waiver. Applicants seeking a waiver of the English language requirement, should do so by submitting a request here. This applies even if you are a native English speaker and/or attend or attended a law school in the US. Failure to do so will delay consideration of your application.

Successful participation in any of Penn Law’s programs requires a high level of English proficiency. Most course-work at Penn Law centers on a dialogue between the instructor and members of the class. Consequently, students should be able to understand rapid, idiomatic English as spoken in class and in seminar discussions. Students must be able to express thoughts clearly in both spoken and written English and must read the language with ease. The quantity and quality of academic work required at Penn Law cannot be accomplished without prior mastery of the English language.            

Penn Law does not grant conditional admission to applicants with insufficient English language skills and all applicants must have achieved the language proficiency noted above by the time their application is submitted. Prospective applicants who may need more substantial English language instruction prior to applying may wish to consider the courses offered by the University of Pennsylvania’s English Language Programs.  These are described at              

Note: Penn Law does not have a minimum score requirement. In general, we look for a TOEFL score of at least 100 or IELTS score of 7.  We also look at the breakdown for listening, speaking, writing and reading to ensure that all indicate a high level of English proficiency. However, a lower score in one area or overall does not automatically preclude an applicant from consideration for Penn Law’s LLCM program. Applicants whose test score(s) falls below the targets set forth above, should feel free to highlight any specific issues in the personal statement portion of their application they feel might strengthen their application in this regard, such as time spent in English language environments, work done in English, English language publications, etc. It is also recommended that applicants with scores lower than those set forth above, submit at least one recommendation that addresses, at least in part, their English language ability.            

Both the TOEFL and IELTS tests are administered at testing centers throughout the world. Applicants should plan on taking one of them no later than November of year before which they propose to enroll at Penn Law. Application forms and further information for the TOEFL and IELTS tests may be obtained online at and             

Applicants who have a listening or speaking score below 24 on the TOEFL or 7 on the IELTS should consider utilizing “InitialView.” These interviews are not required and the applicant bears the cost.  For further information and to schedule an interview, please contact InitialView directly at Please note that this is in addition to submitting a TOEFL or IELTS score and not a substitute for either.