Required Readings

Note: please do not quote or distribute participant drafts without permission of the authors.



Keynote Panel: Negotiating Hostage Situations and Prisoner Exchanges

Lawrence Wright, 2015. “Five Hostages.” The New Yorker.

John W. Limbert, 444 Days: Memoirs of an Iran Hostage (interview), 444 Days — The End Game (interview), Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training.

Guy O. Faure, 2015. “Negotiating Hostages with Terrorists: Paradoxes and Dilemmas.” International Negotiation 20, 129–145

Debra Nussbaum Cohen, 2015. “Klinghoffer Daughters Recall the Horror That Put a Face on Terrorism.” Haaretz.


Session 1: Bargaining with the Devil: When Is It Unethical to Negotiate?

Robert H. Mnookin, 2010. Bargaining with the Devil: When to Negotiate, When to Fight (New York: Simon and Schuster).

G. Richard Shell, 2010. The Morality of Bargaining: Identity versus Interests in Negotiations with Evil,” Negotiation Journal; 26, 4;p. 456 – 480

Walter C. Clemens Jr., 2011. “Can – Should – Must We Negotiate with Evil?,” 26 Pacific Focus 316-335.

Laurence Neill Nathan, 2016. “How and Why African Mediators Compromise Democracy”

Avishai Margalit, 2010. On Compromise And Rotten Compromises (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Chris-Adelle Khaw, 2016. “Hostage negotiations with terrorists: How and when is it justified?”

Session 2: Negotiating with Non-State Actors

Daniel Byman, 2009. “Talking with Insurgents: A Guide for the Perplexed.” Washington Quarterly 32, 125–137. doi:10.1080/01636600902775565

Harmonie Toros, 2008. “We Don’t Negotiate with Terrorists!”: Legitimacy and Complexity in Terrorist Conflicts.” Security Dialogue 39, 407–426.

Seth Cantey, “Walking the Talk: Prospects for Negotiation with al Qaeda and the Islamic State” — Abstract

Claire O. Finkelstein, 2016. “Reason and Morals in Hostage Negotiations” — Abstract

Duncan MacIntosh, 2016. “Should Terrorists Negotiate with Us? Non-Ideal Theory, the Problem of Extorted Justice and a New Preemptive Role for the Diplomatic Cadre” Abstract

Lunchtime Keynote

Steven Brams, 2000. From The Win-Win Solution: Guaranteeing Fair Shares for Everybody. (Preface and Chapter 5 required, Chapter 5 optional.)

Session 3: Negotiating Across Religious, Cultural, and Moral Differences

Willfried Bolewski, 2008. “Diplomatic Professes and Cultural Variation: The Relevance of Culture in Diplomacy.” The Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations.

John W. Limbert, 2008. “Negotiating with the Islamic Republic of Iran :raising the chances for success—fifteen points to remember.” (Washington: United States Institute of Peace).

Rudolph C. Barnes, Jr., Religion, Law and Conflicting Concepts of Legitimacy

Kevin H. Govern, “Joint Military Commissions: A Model For Post-Conflict Negotiations In The Balkans And Beyond” — Abstract



Session 4: The Utility and Morality of Secret Negotiations

Anthony Wanis-St. John, 2016. “Back-Channel Negotiation: A Review of the Theoretical Literature on Secrecy and Negotiation.” 

Anthony Wanis-St. John, 2016. The Expeditionary Negotiator.  Abstract

Eamonn O’Kane, 2015. “Talking to the Enemy? The Role of the Back-Channel in the Development of the Northern Ireland Peace Process.” Contemporary British History 29, 401–420.

Dean G. Pruitt, 2008. “Back-channel Communication in the Settlement of Conflict.” International Negotiation 13, 37–54.

Robert D. Putnam, 1988. Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games. International Organization 42, 427–460. (Optional but relevant background piece.)

Session 5: Preventive Diplomacy

Michael Walzer, 1977. From Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations.

Michael J.Glennon, 2003. “Why the Security Council Failed.” Foreign Affairs.

I. William Zartman, 2001. “Preventing Deadly Conflict.” Security Dialogue 32, 137–154.

Eileen F. Babbitt, 2014. “Mediation and the Prevention of Mass Atrocities.” The International Politics of Human Rights: Rallying to the R2P Cause. Eds. M.Serrano and T. Weiss, Routledge.

Session 6: Negotiating Around Armageddon: Are Nuclear Negotiations Special?

Graham Allison, 2015. “Lessons Learned from Past WMD Negotiations.”

Antonia H. Chayes, 2006 Security in an Age of Anxiety”: What Can Verification Offer?,” 30 The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 87–100.

Jules Zacher, “The Agreement With Iran: Another Example of Nuclear Weapons Treaties Continuing Nuclearism