Required Readings


Friday, December 4

Session 1:   The Nature of Combat Injury and its Social Implications

Nicholas Kristof, War WoundsN.Y. Times, Aug. 10, 2012,

David Philipps, In Unit Stalked by Suicide, Veterans Try to Save One Another, N.Y. Times, Sept. 19, 2015,

Charles W. Hoge & Christopher H. Warner, Estimating PTSD prevalence in US veterans: considering combat exposure, PTSD checklist cutpoints, and DSM-5, 75 The Journal of clinical psychiatry 1439–41 (2014).

Rajeev Ramchand et al., Prevalence of, risk factors for, and consequences of posttraumatic stress disorder and other mental health problems in military populations deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, 17 Current Psychiatry Reports 575 (2015),


Session 2:  Understanding Trauma

Judith Herman, A Forgotten Historyin Trauma and Recovery: the aftermath of violence—from domestic abuse to political terror 7-32 (1992).

Bessel van der Kolk, The History of Trauma in Psychiatryin Handbook of PTSD, First Edition: Science and Practice 19–36 (2007), - v=onepage&q&f=false

Mark W. Miller et al., Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in DSM-5: New Criteria and Controversies, 21 Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 208–220 (2014), 

Frank Ochberg, An Injury, Not a Disorder, Military Review 96–99 (2013),


Session 3:  Combat Trauma As Moral Injury

Jonathan Shay, Moral Injury, 31 Psychoanalytic Psychology 182–191 (2014) (Excerpt, pp. 182-186).

Robert G. Fuller, Jr., Flashback Morning 

Brett Litz et al., Moral Injury and Moral Repair in War Veterans: A Preliminary Model and Intervention Strategy, 29 Clinical psychology review 695–706 (2009), (Excerpt, pp. 695-701).

William P. Nash & Brett T. Litz, Moral Injury: A Mechanism for War-Related Psychological Trauma in Military Family Members, 16 Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 365–375 (2013),

William P. Nash et al., Psychometric Evaluation of the Moral Injury Events Scale, 178 Military med. 646–52 (2013),

Eric Newhouse, Recovering from the Invisible Wounds of War, Abstract | Paper

Nancy Sherman, Recovering Lost Goodness: Shame, Guilt,and Self-Empathy, 31 Psychoanalytic Psychology 217-35 (2014)


Saturday, December 5

Session 5:  Ethical Dilemmas in the Treatment and Prevention of PTSD

Edna Foa, Prolonged Exposure Therapy: Past, Present, and Future, 28 Depress. Anxiety 1043–7 (2011),

Maria M. Steenkamp & Brett T. Litz, One-Size-Fits-All Approach to PTSD in the VA Not Supported by the Evidence, 69 The American psychologist 706–7 (2014),

Elisa A. Hurley, Combat Trauma and the Moral Risks of Memory Manipulating Drugs, 27 Journal of Applied Philosophy 221-245 (2010),

Łukasz Kamienski, Helping the Postmodern Ajax: Is Managing Combat Trauma Through Pharmacology a Faustian Bargain?, 39 Armed Forces & Society 395–414 (2012), 

Kevin Govern and Stephen Xenakis, The Code of Conduct–Not Legislated But Trained In Peacetime and Lived in Combat and Captivity To Achieve Mental and Physical Resilience and Avoid Moral Injury, Abstract | Paper

Duncan MacIntosh, PTSD Weaponized; A Theory of Moral Injury, Abstract | Paper


Session 6:  Psychological Injury and Legal Responsibility

Jonathan Shay, No Sugar Coating: Combat Trauma and Criminal Conduct [Draft - not for distribution]

Thomas L. Hafemeister & Nicole A. Stockey, Last Stand? The Criminal Responsibility of War Veterans Returning from Iraq and Afghanistan with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, 85 Ind. L.J. 87 (2010). (Excerpt. pp. 94, P 101-131).

Melissa Hamilton, Reinvigorating Actus Reus: The Case for Involuntary Actions by Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, 16 Berkeley J. Crim. L. 350 (2011). (Excerpt.  pp. 340-354,  357-361,  371-390


Session 7:  Post Bellum Obligations and The Duties We Owe to Soldiers

Christopher Frueh et al., Disability Compensation Seeking Among Veterans Evaluated for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, 54 Psychiatric Services 84–91 (2003),

Sean Wead, Ethics, Combat, and a Soldier’s Decision to Kill, Military Review 69-81 (2015). 

Evan R. Seamone, Active Duty Service as the Ultimate Intercept for Diversion of Veterans from Incarceration and Recidivism in the Civilian Criminal Justice System. Abstract | Paper

Nancy Sherman, Afterwar: Healing the Moral Wounds of Soldiers, (Oxford University Press 2015) Chapter 6