Additional Readings

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Barton Gellman & Ashkan Soltani, NSA Tracking cellphone locations worldwide, Snowden documents show, The Washington Post (December 4, 2013)

Nicole Perlroth, Internet Firms Step Up Efforts to Stop Spying, N.Y. Times (December 5, 2013)

Anthony Faiola
Britain targets Guardian newspaper over intelligence leaks related to Edward Snowden, Washington Post, (Nov. 30, 2013)

• Nicole Perlroth & John Markoff, NSA May Have Hit Internet Companies at a Weak Spot, N.Y. Times (Nov. 25, 2013)

Sudha Setty, No More Secret Laws: How Transparency of Executive Branch Legal Policy Doesn’t Let the Terrorists Win Excerpts P 579-581, 588-601

Ian Fishback
Great Expectations:  The Law and Society’s Ability to Generate Behavioral Predictions.

• David Pozen
The Leaky Leviathan: Why the Government Condemns and Condones Unlawful Disclosures of Information [PDF] Forthcoming 127 Harvard Law Review (December 2013).
Deep Secrecy [PDF]

Marc Ambinder
10 Things You Didn’t Know About the National Security Agency Surveillance Program

• Sen. Al Franken
Summary of the Surveillance Transparency Act of 2013

• Senate Judiciary Committee, Hearing of the Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology and the Law
“The Surveillance Transparency Act of 213”

• Scott Shane
No Morsel Too Minuscule for All-Consuming N.S.A.

• The New York Times Editorial Board
British Press Freedom Under Threat

• Marty Lederman
Just Security: Additional documents on telephony records collection (and much more) declassified

• Michelle Richardson
The Guardian: Feinstein’s NSA bill shows she doesn’t have a clue about intelligence reform

• Rep. Dianne Feinstein & Rep. Saxby Chambliss
Comments: FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act

• Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner
Synopsis: USA Freedom Act
• Janet Reitman
Snowden and Greenwald: The Men Who Leaked the Secrets

• Charlie Savage
Obama to Call for End to N.S.A.’s Bulk Data Collection


Statutory Materials

U.S. Government
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 Amendments Act of 2008

• U.S. Government
S.1452, To enhance transparency for certain surveillance programs authorized by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 and for other purposes.

U.S. Government
Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA Patriot Act) Act of 2001

 • President Obama
Remarks by the President at the National Defense University

FISA Improvements Act 

USA Freedom Act

Cases & Briefs

9th District Court of Appeals
Mohamed v. Jeppensen Dataplan [PDF]

US District Court- New York
Azmy v. DoD [PDF]

US District Court: District of Columbia
Excerpt from “Al-Alaqi v. Obama” [PDF]

Jim Harper & Randy Barnett brief to the U.S. Supreme Court
In re Electronic Privacy Information Center

Supreme Court of the United States
Chisholm v. Georgia

Court of Common-Pleas, Michigan
Entick v. Carrington

Supreme Court of the United States
Ex Parte Jackson

Supreme Court of the United States
Jones v. United States

Supreme Court of the United States
Katz v. United States

Supreme Court of the United States
Muskrat v. United States

Supreme Court of the United States
Olmstead v. United States

Supreme Court of the United States
Smith v. Maryland


Philosophical Writings on Publicity Conditions

Kevin R. Davis
Kantian “Publicity” and Political Justice [PDF]

Samuel Freeman
The burdens of public justification: constructivism, contractualism, and publicity [PDF]

Thomas Hobbes
On the Office of Sovereign Representative [PDF]

Charles Larmore
Public Reason [PDF]

The Prince [PDF]

The Noble Lie [PDF]

John Rawls
Formal Conditions of Right [PDF]

John Rawls
Two Concepts of Rules [PDF]

Andrew Williams
Incentives, Inequality, and Publicity [PDF]


Classification and Executive Privilege

David Carr
Blurred Line Between Espionage and Truth

Andre Cohen
The Torture Memos: Ten Years Later

U.S. Department of Justice
Legal Authorities Supporting the Activities of the National Security Agency Described by the President

Liza Goitein and J. William Leonard
America’s Unnecessary Secrets

Harvard Law Review
Constitutional Law. Fourth Amendment. Separation of Powers. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review Holds that Prosecutors May Spy on American Agents of Foreign Powers without a Warrant.

Gia Lee
The Presidents Secret [PDF] George Washington Law Review, 2007.

Eric Posner and Adrian Vermeule
Terror in the Balance: Security, Liberty and the Courts; Introduction [PDF]

Charlie Savage
Ex-C.I.A Officer Charged in Information Leak

Peter M. Shane
Executive Branch Self-Policing in Times of Crisis: The Challenges for Conscientious Legal Analysis

Max Weber
Economy and Society, Ch. 11: Bureaucracy” [PDF]


Secrecy and Military Operations

John Brennan
The Ethics and Efficacy of the President’s Counterterrorism Strategy

Justin Elliott
Obama Administration’s Drone Death Numbers Don’t Add up

John Hart Ely
War and Responsibility, Ch 4-5 [PDF]

Josh Gerstein
Judge losing patience with feds in targeted killing FOIA case

Jack Goldsmith
Fire When Ready

Kevin Govern
Warrant-Based Killings [PDF]

Karen Greenberg
Doubling down on 9/11

Scott Horton
Justifying the Killing of an American

David S. Kris and J. Douglas Wilson
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court - The FISC’s personnel and facilities

David S. Kris and J. Douglas Wilson
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court - The FISC’s review of applications

• Mark Mazzetti and David E. Sanger
NYTimes: Tap on Merkel Provides Peek at Vast Spy Net

W. Michael Reisman and James E. Baker
Regulating Covert Action, Ch. 1-2 [PDF]

Charlie Savage
Secret U.S. Memo Made Legal Case to Kill a Citizen

Kim Lane Scheppelle
The Sociology of Secrecy [PDF] Legal Secrets, Chapter 1

Scott Shane
U.S. Attacks, Online and From the Air, Fuel Secrecy Debate

Daniel Swift
Drone Knowns and Drone Unknowns [PDF]

CIA’s Drone Lies and Congressional Oversight

U.S. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
Use of Section 215 of Patriot Act

Secrecy and Civil Rights

Nola K. Breglio
Leaving FISA Behind: The Need to Return to Warrantless Foreign Intelligence Surveillance

Hon. James G. Carr and Patricia L. Bellia
Constitutional challenges to FISA - Fourth Amendment

David Cole and Martin S. Lederman
The National Security Agency’s Domestic Spying Program: Framing the Debate

• Brian R. Decker
“The War of Information”: The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, Hamdan V. Rumselfeld, and the President’s Warrantless-Wiretapping Program 

Michael Dorf
Arlen Specter’s Swan Song: Mandating Cameras in the Supreme Court

Michael Fraggetta
A Comprehensive Analysis of the National Security Agency’s Wiretapping Program and Its Correlation with the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

Amy Goodman
National Security Agency Whistleblower William Binney on Growing State Surveillance

Leslie Paul Machado and C. Matthew Haynes
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, 1 Data Sec. & Privacy Law

• Senator Jeff Merkley
Senator Merkley on Secret Law and NSA Spying

Adam D. Moore
Privacy, Security and Government Surveillance: Wikileaks and the New Accountability [PDF]

Alan Rubel
Privacy and the USA Patriot Act: Rights, the Value of Right, and Autonomy [PDF]

Anthony M. Shults
The “Surveil or Kill” Dilemma: Separation of Powers and the FISA Amendments Act’s Warrant Requirement for Surveillance of U.S. Citizens Abroad


The Ethics of Leaks: When to Release Information, When to Prosecute

E.E.B. and K.E.M.
Plugging the Leak: The Case for a Legislative Resolution of the Conflict between the Demands of Secrecy and the Need for an Open Government [pdf]

Alan M Katz
Government Information Leaks and the First Amendment [PDF]

Tara McKelvey
Leak About Al Qaeda Plot and Double Agent Helps CIA, Could Scare Terrorists

Heidi Kitrosser
Classified Information Leaks and Free Speech [PDF] University of Illinois Law Review, 2008.

Derigan A. Silver
National Security and the Press: The Government’s Ability to Prosecute Journalists for the Possession or Publication of National Security Information [PDF]

Geoffrey R. Stone
Prosecuting the Press for Publishing Classified Information [PDF]