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Master of Comparative Law Degree

Purpose of Degree

The Master of Comparative Law degree is designed to allow Penn Law LL.M. graduates to pursue advanced coursework.


LL.C.M. candidates may have the option of pursuing a “concentration” in a particular field. If a LL.C.M. candidate completes a significant number of courses in a particular field, the student can request that their transcript note a concentration in that field. With the approval of the Graduate Studies Committee, a LL.C.M. student on a concentration track may substitute other relevant and appropriate courses for those designated as part of a concentration track.

The concentrations are:

a) American Legal Institutions

b) Business Organizations and Securities Law

c) Commercial, Foreign Investment and Trade Law

d) Comparative and International Law

e) Criminal Law

f) U.S. and Transnational Litigation and Dispute Resolution


General Requirements

Students in the LLCM program must:

a) complete at least 16 semester hours, not including those credits earned in the LL.M. degree, earned in at least three courses per semester for two semesters, and

b) receive the grade of “F” with credit in no more than three semester hours.


Academic Review of the LLCM

LL.M. and LL.C.M candidates shall be referred to the Committee on Academic Standing when they receive two or more grades of “F” in their first semester.